Saturday, April 27, 2019

How blood pressure and heart attack are related?

How blood pressure and heart attack are related?
It can occur at any time without reporting, but it does not mean that the possibility of being in the danger zone of a stroke cannot be known. There are many reasons that can lead to heart attacks, but blood pressure (BP) is closely related to this, and in most cases, it is the BP that triggers the heart Generally, people with high blood pressure enter the area prone to heart attacks, but many recent studies state that low blood pressure can also be a reason, while most adhering to low blood pressure can never lead to a heart attack. It doesn't matter if you have high or low blood pressure, your main concern is to consult a doctor and ways to treat it to prevent a heart attack

What Is a Heart Attack?

It is important to learn as much about heart attack as possible.For example, you need to know the warning signs of a heart attack so that you can get help right away, both for yourself and someone close to you. Some heart attacks are sudden and intense. But most patients have mild pain or discomfort. Here are some of the signs that can mean that a heart attack is happening:

• Pressure, fullness or uncomfortable pain in the center of the chest. It lasts longer than a few minutes, or disappears and returns
• Shortness of breath
• Pain in one or both arms and the back
• Pain in the neck, the jaw
• Discomfort in the stomach and feeling nausea 
• Cold sweating and dizziness

What causes a heart attack?

A heart attack occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart is blocked, often by a blood clot. This is because the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart slowly become thicker and harder due to the accumulation of fat, cholesterol and other substances called plaque
If the plaque opens and a blood clot forms that blocks blood flow, a heart attack occurs. Then the heart muscle supplied by that artery starts to die. The damage increases the longer an artery becomes blocked. Once that muscle dies, the result is heart damage

Damage to your arteries:

Over time, High Blood Pressure damages the lining of the arteries. Fat deposits are trapped and accumulate in damaged areas. This accumulation of fatty deposits is known as plaque or atheroma. As the plaque grows, the artery narrows, making it difficult for blood to flow through the artery

Sometimes the narrow section is damaged and the plate is torn or broken. In this case, the blood cells rush to try to repair the damage by forming a blood clot. This usually heals the damage, but sometimes the blood clot gets too large and blocks the artery. Blood that carries oxygen and nutrients cannot pass through the artery. If the blockage is located in the blood vessels that supply oxygen to the heart, this can cause a heart attack. If the blood vessels in the brain are affected, this can cause a stroke

Increased pressure in the arteries can also cause a piece of plaque to rupture and a smaller artery to become blocked. Depending on where the blockage is located, this can cause heart attack or stroke. This blockage can also affect the limbs, which is a condition known as peripheral arterial disease

Damage to your heart:

Hypertension, also called high blood pressure, means that the pressure in the arteries is constantly above the normal range. BP is the force of blood that pushes against the walls of blood vessels. It is written as two numbers, like 122/78 mm Hg. The upper (systolic) number is the pressure when the heart beats. The lower (diastolic) number is the pressure when the heart rests between the beats

Hypertension is a pressure of 140 systolic or higher and / or 90 diastolic or higher which remains elevated over time. The danger is that you can't generally say you have high blood pressure! There are no signs, so you should consult a doctor every year. Also, nobody knows exactly what causes it. However, hypertension can lead to hardened arteries, strokes or heart attacks

How can I recover? 

Depending on the extent of your heart attack, you may only be in hospital for a few days. But your recovery is just beginning

• Start making changes in your life now to reduce the risk of another heart attack. Eat healthy meals, do more physical activity, achieve and maintain a healthy weight and do not smoke

• Talk to your doctor and nurse about how to live a life as normal as possible. Ask when you can go back to work, drive a car, have sex and what to do in case of chest discomfort. They can also answer your questions on other questions

• Talk to your doctor about joining a cardiac rehabilitation program in your area 

With the main reason for keeping blood pressure under control to beat and avoid having a heart attack, we are discussing the causes:

Causes of High blood pressure

• Smoke
• Hypertension
• Family history
• Stress
• Genetics
• Too much salt intake
• Excess weight, Obesity

Causes of Low blood pressure

• Pregnancy
• Heart disease
• Endocrine problems
• Severe allergy
• Loss of blood
• Severe infection

Controlling your Blood Pressure

While ethnicity and a family history of hypertension also increase risk, there are several things you can do to help keep your blood pressure at a healthy level:

• Check your blood pressure regularly. If it is high, be sure to follow your doctor's recommendations for treatment
• Take your medications as prescribed
• Check your cholesterol levels
• Check for diabetes
• Be physically active
• Follow healthy eating while maintaining ideal weight 
• Reduce the consumption of salt in food
• Avoid smoking and excessive alcohol consumption

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